The European X-ray Free Electron Laser to Come Online in 2017
An X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL) is an X-ray combining the features of lasers at the free electron state. An XFEL generates high-intensity electromagnetic radiation by accelerating electrons to relativistic speeds and directing them through special magnetic structures.
The European XFEL will generate ultrashort X-ray flashes in the order of 27 000 times per second and with a brilliance that is a billion times higher than that of the best conventional X-ray radiation sources. The project is constructed such that the electrons produce x-ray light in synchronisation, resulting in high-intensity x-ray pulses with the properties of laser light and at intensities much brighter than those produced by conventional synchrotron light sources.
The international by European XFEL project is being constructed with the help of 11 participating countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland) is located in the German federal states of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein.
The European XFEL is scheduled to come online in 2017.