New Study Of A Cardiac Arrest Drone.
Drones are being used for all kinds of things now. Some drones are smarter than others but for sure artificial intelligence advancements will make the next generations of drones even more autonomous. If you combine the drone and video camera with a virtual reality headset you have a very powerful combination.
Here is a very unique but important new use for such a drone system. What if specially equipped smart drones could react to an emergency call involving a cardiac arrest victim and assist an untrained person in early treatment of the victim. Talk about remote robot medicine!
Each year nearly a million people in Europe suffer from a cardiac arrest. A mere 8% survives due to slow response times of emergency services. The ambulance-drone is capable of saving lives with an integrated defibrillator. The goal is to improve existing emergency infrastructure with a network of drones. This new type of drones can go over 100 km/h and reaches its destination within 1 minute, which increases chance of survival from 8% to 80%! This drone folds up and becomes a toolbox for all kind of emergency supplies.
Virtual Reality plus drone control equals fun!
Future implementations will also serve other use cases such as drowning, diabetes, respiratory issues and traumas.
An 8-rotor drone (weight, 5.7 kg; maximum cruising speed, 75 km/h) was developed and certified by the Swedish Transportation Agency. It was equipped with a global positioning system (GPS) and a high-definition camera and integrated with an autopilot software system.
Two licensed pilots sent GPS coordinates and routes to the drone using alternating telemetry over a 433 mHz and 3G network. The entire flight from takeoff to landing was autonomous, monitored by the dispatcher. For safety reasons, a second pilot was present at the landing site in telephone contact with the dispatcher to manually take over the descent if necessary.
About the cardiac arrest drone.
The drone was equipped with an AED (FRED easyport, Schiller AG), weighing 763 g, and placed at a fire station in Norrtälje municipality north of Stockholm, which was chosen for characteristics (such as restricted airspace, extensive delay in EMS response times, and a heavy population in the summer) that might benefit from a drone system. The drone was dispatched for out-of-sight flights during a 72-hour period in October 2016, to locations where consecutive OHCAs within a 10-km radius from the fire station had occurred between 2006 and 2014 (times of day: 3:43 am and 6:48 pm). The OHCAs were identified through the Swedish Registry for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation; only addresses and times to arrival of EMS were abstracted. The primary end point was time from dispatch to arrival of the drone at the scene of the OHCA compared with time for EMS.
Flight permission was granted by the Swedish Transportation Agency and ethical approval by the ethical board in Stockholm, Sweden, with a waiver of informed consent.
A step further:
What if this same concept was carried a step further and the drone was a tad larger and carried a robot medic? I mean why not A.I. and robotics science is progressing so quickly this seems like the logical next step.